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4.2. TOBAPH PHOK

 

Toap po pecae coo coy coao-ooecy aeop, cyoc oopo pacpaec aoee oo, ec paccapa po pax aceax eo poe. Bo-epx, po cyae a cepa oapoo oea. Bo-px, pecae coo xocey eeoc, ccey opaaoo-ooecx ec, apaex a poee oapa o pooe opee. Tae ec ca, apep, c pae opeoo xoceoo exaa pooca peaa oapo, op eoo poa, ypaeec peee o cy, poeee pea oapo, yee oppoae cpoca acee.

Ta opao, oap po o cepa oapoo oea, e poc ooe o ooy y-poa oapo ee eco opea xocea eeoc, caa c peaae oapo.

Coca eea oapoo pa c:

oapoe peoee;

cpoc acee;

ea oapa.

Toapoe peoee pecae coo accy oapo, peaaex peaa. Oco ca oapoo peoe c pooco oapo cpae, oape aac, ope a

Cpoc o aeecocoa opeoc acee cpa. Cpoc oaec o apoca (ea) a ey, cocoy oaeo opee.

ea oapa pecae coo eeoe paee eo cooc. Ooee e o cooc oycoeo po . pee ceo o coocoe paee ee. Oo ac, o-epx, o cooc ooa a ocooo oapa, c oo oopoo paaec cooc cex ocax oapo. Bo-opx, o oeca ee opae, oope oy e cooecoa oecy aeaeoy ooa. ae e-c pa opeeo cooc, aece oapo. Coocaee opeecx coc oapo e a coooee e a oee oap, x paooc. Kpoe oo, yco peaa oapa, ae eee cpoca peoe, oaa e a oype oea e. aop, e a oppoae e a oapo pe, oo accpoa a aop 1 11 opa c. 4.1).

eeoc oo oapoo pa xapaepyec oco oaae. K oco oaae yopoa apoo pa oo oec ceye.

1. Eoc oapoo pa. Eoc pa o acao oo oe peaa oapo p ao ypoe aeecocooo cpoca, oapoo peoe pox e.

2. aa pa oex opacex oapx po cpa, cocax e oap po cpa.

3. Cee epcpoaoc oapoo pa. o epcpoaoc ceye oa cee oxaa pa a oapo poy (o accopey ee) c yeo eopaecx, ecx aeecocox ocoeoce acee cpa.

4. Kaeco oapa, peayeoe a pe. o aeco opa oa cooyoc coc, pcyx ey. B ycox yeco opeee ey pec oee peoa c ye eoacoc eo opee, coe ooecx op, pea yaoe, appoe oecee ocepoaoo ocya.

5. Koypeococooc oapo a pe. o oypeoccooc oapa oa cocooc poy cooecoa Cc peoa aoo pa a paccapae epo.

Toap po oo accpoa o pa xapaepca. Oo ax xapaepc oe eopaec pa cooec c oop oo e p oex peoo, a x oe pecae e occe po oe cpa x pypoo (pc. 4.2). p ao acca e ee oap ace. o cy, cooye p, oee c c .

B cooec c oapo-opace paa oap p oo accpoa a p oox e, p cp oapa, p . py oapx po aee oy pa o ypo pa oeoo oapa (pc, 4.3). Hapep, po eoo cp ae p eeo, apaeo, xpooo p, ca, paa, cax py, e, a, paoex eao, ao, xao, acacc, xecx ooo, eaeo .. pe oa ocooe eco aae po e eepoyo, a ocee c pe oapo coca pee op epe ey oapy py.

Heepoy ooc aeop oapo, ope ooc a coeco, .e. ao-o ap o aeop eoo oy, e poe pyx.

aoo oeoo oapoo pa ooe aee e eo yac, oe opeeee y. Hapep, yaca eyapooo pa e acoee pe cac:

ee oa, aaec paeo, oe, epepaoo poae a cpo e, a poyo ee epepao. Kpoe oo, oe ee oa oco opo paa a e e-epoy: epca, ooa, oeo epco a pea oap: apep, Bish Petole e (Shel);

eeepepaaae ao, cyae po oyaee cpo e poao (ocao) a po poyo eeepepao;

eace opoe oa: apep: ap P (ach ich), Bo (Vitol), Apa (Akadia). O paoa a a peao, a a ox ax o;

acoe ecoe oa, a, opoe oa: opa Cee (oga Steley), oope paoa a ox ax po;

ecop a ace, a oee, paoae a ox ax po, cpeec oy oy o yaoo oe ee o epce ooe opa a e .

B acoee pe e a pe e caac a ce pao pox exao . yae epec opeee, cpa OEK eacx pooee e oy o a yopoae pa, a a o ca axoc acoc o pa.

Hea poeoc o-peey oc epaoa xpaep, a oa ac e ce ee poaec a ocoe oopeex coae, o e ye oppyc a ocoe exao a ceo co opeec oeo o ao .

Koa poecce pao ayc poa aco pc ca c ecaoc e, ye cooa cpox (opapx) oapx ceo, oope acoee pe peoaa a p. Koa yaec oca oye p a ce cooa apo, oope coc cy oex ocoec, a eo oe opoe e eepoya; pae co-p ( epexo a co-e); pae a ae co-po opapo epco opo.

Hee oa, yacye poo opoe, aeo e opo c o pe pooo o.

Haoee yae pyx oa (apep, Shell) eca yeo oyc o pa, pye aa poee p (obil); Esso ocepao oppye oe p (o pae oa ooe e peycapae epce ce ae oa Glfe yacy ox pax. cex pyx o o-peey pope apaee ocaec paea o e.

ea pya ox p ceapyec a peocae yc oac ypae pco. B peyae oe oex yc aa coaac yopoa p epcx opa. ep a H-opco oapo pe (HAEKC) aye pa a ocay eoo oa, a Epoe a eyapoo e pe epc opa a ocay ao. Ha HAEKC yaoc yc oopo epc opa a ocay aaoexacc cpee e (WTI). B ao x cyae op pooc o ap opaa.

Oopeeo paac opap po e, caaa a oc e Ceepoo op copa pe, a ae ya eoco e c oee co coepae cep cpee ooc. Xo cyax pee op o opaa e pooc, o pe ae a xeepo, a ceyo, o oeceo opay eoxy oepy.

B pe cecoxocex ecx oapo oo e c cpyype opaee, oopx ocooe eco aae po ox.

p ye oapoo pa ocooe aee ooc opeee a cpyyp pa acca oex eo eeo aoc o yco xapaepa ceo.

o cpyypo pa oaec cooyoc yco, opeex ocoeoc eo . B oppoa cpyyp aey po pa cee xapaep oooa oapoo p. Ee oco apaa c ooo (o poae eopaeoe co oyaee), ooco (o oyae eopaeoe co poao), ooo (ecoo poao eopaeoe co oyaee), ooco (ecoo oyaee eopaeoe co poao), a ae oo oco, aoe cee paec coco eopaeo oype. C ye aeco oepa peoe (pooca ca) oapa, ec ae aopo oooa oapx po, paa ceye cpyyp pa:

ooocec po, xapaepyc opoae ooo ocaa; ,

ooocec po, xapaepyc ococo py pyex poao;

aocec po, xapaepyc ecoo oepae peoe oapa, a ceoaeo, oocpeo oypeo opo.

oooe papaee apx po ocaoo acpao, a a ae paax oox cpyyp aaec pooe ooopae yoax op, paaxc cee oooa oypeo op.

oee e paee epea yco yopoa pa oaac pa aoooe opaeo (poaa oyae). ooe opaa ocoeoc oooa ocyapceoo peypoa oex eeo pa, a ae eo (. 4.4).

 

ap ceop oapoo pa (ap po) pecae ac oapoo pa, oopo poa oyae aoecy ocpeco ooe, e ocx cyyo oepecoo xapaepa.

K oco ceea apoo pa ooc yppee oca (oapooopo ey aa, oep oo pep pyx ooo), cyoca ex cpex opao eacx p, cyax opa pyx ooo paax ceaa ooeppoa, ceaa opo ope ocao apo o popaa oo, oco epaece coae-, cpea opo, oxaaa aooycoee cope oepa.

Op ceop oapoo pa o cooyoc ceeo, opx xapaep oepa oepecoo xapaepa. K oco ceea opoo ceopa oo oec paocpoe ce, aa-ee a epo o 1-1,5 e, ooy poy opo oepa a cooo pe, a oopo ocycy opae cooo oype. Coo po pecae peo opoe: po co, a oopo peayec a oap c eeeo opyo; ep .

poeyooe ooee ey ap op ceopa aa oocpoe oepece ce. a opa oapooea oycoea pao ycox opox ce (o 2 o 25 e) oo-ec opa peepeax ooecx coae, .e. o opo a ocoe oocpox oepecx opao

 

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